Since January has been designated National Glaucoma Awareness Month, in this article we are here to emphasize the importance of recognizing the indications of this vision threatening disease. Glaucoma is a category of progressive ocular disorders that damage the optic nerve, which may be a precursor to loss of central vision and eventual blindness. When not treated, the disease often initially shows up as vision loss in the periphery of the field of vision and ultimately ends up causing total blindness. Glaucoma is thought to be the leading cause of preventable loss of vision and statistics show that over sixty million people around the world have it.
One of the leading sources of glaucoma is known to be elevated pressure in the eye. As pressure around the eye is elevated, this damages the optic nerve which transmits signals to the vision centers in the brain. When this pathway doesn't work normally, vision is impaired. At the current time, damage to the optic nerve can't be corrected.
The most dangerous fact about glaucoma is that unlike other forms of vision loss, it is asymptomatic until it may be too late.
It is for this reason that glaucoma is often called the "sneak thief of sight." This may leave you asking: how can one protect oneself against a condition which lacks any tell-tale symptoms?
Early diagnosis of glaucoma is essential for effective management. While glaucoma risk is universal, specific groups are at higher risk than others. Risk factors for glaucoma can include anyone over 45, anyone with a family history of glaucoma, individuals with diabetes, or known eye problems such as elevated intraocular pressure.
There are several different categories of glaucoma such as open or close angle glaucomas. Both eyes are usually affected, but the disease can progress more rapidly in one of the eyes.
An effective way to detect glaucoma is to contact an optometrist. There are several diagnostic eye evaluations employed to measure the beginnings of glaucoma. Particularly if you are over 45 or know that you are at risk, it's important to book a comprehensive eye examination annually.
The truth is that for the most part glaucoma is not preventable. Nevertheless the damage to the optic nerve and deterioration of vision may be halted by timely diagnosis and prompt treatment. Don't delay! Contact Dr. Brian Berliner and Associates today, for a yearly screening for glaucoma.